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POPIA could kill more than just spam

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POPIA could kill more than just spam
POPIA could kill more than just spam.

The long-awaited Protection of Personal Information Act (POPIA) regulations were published in September 2017. They don’t say much, but what they do say spells more than just sleepless nights for direct marketers. If accepted as is, these regulations have the potential to send direct marketing in SA back to the stone age.

Everyone hates spam when it’s uninvited and comes from a company you have never dealt with before, much less have given your info to. Mild irritation quickly turns into rage when you realise that your private information is being sold as ‘leads’ without you knowing. These are some of the concerns that are meant to be addressed by POPIA, which will come into effect sometime during 2018.

POPIA will make it mandatory to ask for consent before electronic direct marketing is sent to a person for the first time. It will also make it virtually impossible to sell a person’s private information to a third party without their permission. This all sounds like a bloody good idea, I hear you say. Well yes, in principle. But only if a balanced approach is taken.

Even as an avid supporter of privacy rights and control over personal information, I’m concerned that the draft regulations which outline the way direct marketing consent must be obtained is overkill. The kind of overkill that could hurt SA’s digital economy significantly. As much as we hate spam, we must also acknowledge that not all direct marketing is Freddy Krueger level evil.

The evolution of digital marketing and advanced analytics enables marketers to better target their communications. This means they can give consumers information about product and services that can help them make informed decisions, all conveniently delivered to their inbox and devices.

Here is a simple example. A woman has returned to work after maternity leave. She would probably really appreciate a heads-up from a retailer that their nappies are on special this week only. When you juggle work, life and two kids, there is hardly any time left to scan traditional media for deals and specials, never mind pop into a shop to compare prices. If it wasn’t for the email she saw in her inbox this morning, she would have missed out on the deal. A few small breaks like this per month could make a huge difference when she tries to balance her budget in the current economic climate.

Section 69 of POPIA says that if you want to send electronic direct marketing to a person to whom you have never sent it before, you have to contact them first to ask for consent. The Regulator was given the power to prescribe what this consent should look like.

Where to start? Well, it is two pages long and it is not in plain language. This means that the majority of South Africans will not be able to understand it. This will make it extremely difficult for them to give their informed consent. Which is kind of the point of POPIA – to give people control back.

It is not technology neutral, while the lion’s share of direct marketing is done via digital channels, the form requires a physical signature even though there is no legal requirement for it. Biometric information like signatures are very sensitive and should never be collected if it is not absolutely required.

When you apply big picture thinking to all of the above, you soon spot a more serious issue. The POPIA regulations, as they stand, are not in keeping with international best practices. The proposed approach will certainly negatively affect South African business’ capabilities to compete in the global marketplace. Foreign business will be able to market more efficiently, giving them the leading edge, at the expense of local businesses and our economy.

The POPIA regulations are coming dangerously close to over-regulating South African businesses. Potentially, this could not only be detrimental to our economy, but also to the very consumers they are trying to protect.

By Elizabeth de Stadler, Novcon CEO & consumer law specialist

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